How should a recycling depot be designed?
Recycling is an important part of developing communities and planning waste management addresses and prevents environmental pollution and thereby creating natural and healthy living spaces to residents and efficient reuse of items. To have the waste materials collected and housed for recycling, a recycling depot must be designed in such a way that it can store recycled material for a period of not less than 2 months.
Purpose of a Recycling depot:
When such housing as recycling depot is provided, there is a reduction in waste material dumping in water streams and oceans and reduces the need for incarnating these reusable materials. So as a part of waste management, a recycling depot has to be provided by the local municipality with staff who are thoroughly educated in deploying in a team of public work staff to build one. A recycling depot should be designed in such a way that, there is a provision or space for locals to drive in and drop off the reusable items and leave the premises soon. There are adequate spaces to store the items until transportation to recycling.
Materials such as batteries, cans, pellets can be recycled for storing these items, dumpsters are used and clean maintenance of these places is the key to attract residents to keep it operating. A recycling depot should be a storage area and not a landfill area, to randomly dump waste without proper classification and final transportation to recycling centres. A recycling depot is primarily built to store class A recycling materials like bottles, cardboard, paper, metal cans and plastics. This housing helps the municipality to collect these items before they are dropped off to the recycling centres.
Solid reusable waste classification:
The reusable items can be deposited in recycling depots from local small business and from households thus making the depot a “convenience centre” for generally registered automobiles of local residents to drop their items. The local residents can plan and recycle most household reusable items such as electronic waste, broken and irreparable boat and used car batteries, expired fluorescent and compact fluorescent lamps, plastics which are bulky, packing materials like Styrofoam, clean untreated wood, and textile cloths. The recycling and reusable waste are classified as:
- Household used batteries, appliances such as e-waste and furniture.
- Car batteries, Used motor oil and antifreeze materials
- Books with hardcovers, neatly covered and stored separately.
- Glass bottles, paper and cardboard, metal and plastic containers.
The depot should be properly maintained with proper ventilation, signage boards, sufficient lighting, rodent control, drainage, security personnel and drop off access to local residents and access points for transportation. Vehicle Entry and Exits should also be properly channelized with vehicle access routes and with vehicle clearance after drop off to prevent any illegal dumping.
Community policies and agreements:
For the benefit of the entire community, there should be no open dumpsites and this is to have an efficient waste management system to prevent environmental pollution and spreading of diseases. For this, the local community should agree on a particular site to design and build their recycling depot. The waste materials have been properly covered and stored in clean dry areas. The depot and dumpster used for storage should be covered and maintained to prevent blowing away from waste materials, odour generation or exposed to livestock and vermins and eaten away. The site must be managed by a sufficient number of staffs under the municipal control. The staff should properly gear with proper suits and gloves and shoes to manage the dumpster. The local residents have to be the taught the importance of waste segregation and publicize the dates for a waste deposit to ensure the collection of the reusable items.